Article 4 - The States
After describing the powers of the three branches of the national government, Article 4 describes what powers are left to the states. The boundaries of these powers was a source of deep controversy, and indeed the question of "states rights" versus "Federal rights" led directly to the Civil War. It was not decided peacefully. I wondered about that problem during the time when we were guiding Iraq to create a constitution in a few months. How could we expect a successful outcome when it took us over 80 years to resolve the question by waging the bloodiest war in our history? Indeed, the question is not totally resolved even today.